There has actually been horse racing of sorts for lots of several years. Horse racing started in Assyria in c. 1500 B.C. and Chariot Racing was a popular event in Roman Times. It was in truth the Romans who are believed to have ran the very first horse race in the UK, nevertheless the very first real recorded event of a meeting remained in 1174, this took place at a horse fair in the north-west part of London called Smithfield.
The Royal Household are behind many of the historical advancements that altered and shaped racing throughout the years, with Henry II importing horses specifically for reproducing and Charles II being the first to present a set of rules in 1664 (for the Newmarket Town Plate). It remained in 1752 the Jockey Club formed and penned The Guidelines of Racing.
Very first horse races
The Derby is the oldest flat race having begun in 1780 at the Earl of Derby's estate in Epsom, it was run on a sweepstakes basis and is still naturally being run every year now, as is the Grand National which was first run in 1856, nevertheless the first recorded nationwide hunt (as we understand it now) race was in Cork, Ireland in 1752, it was a 4 miles 5 furlongs contest in between 2 church steeples and that is the reason the term 'steeplechase' was created.
Purpose and types of horse racing
The function of a H.race is to determine the fastest of 2 or more horses over a specific distance with the first horse to cross the winning line being the winner.
Horse Racing Categories - Flat
In the UK and Ireland there are 3 variations of race categories. The very first is Flat Racing, where horses run over a range in more information here between 5 furlongs and 2 miles 6 furlongs on grass. The flat season starts in March and runs through to November with varying quality of races with Group 1 contests being the greatest. The youngest horses completing on the flat are 2 years of ages.
Horse Racing Categories - All Weather condition
All Weather Racing is the 2nd race category and is similar to flat racing besides contests happen on an artificial surface, which can be utilized all year round (for this reason the name All Weather). A lot of the All Weather condition H.racing tracks also have floodlit tracks meaning they can offer night racing.
Horse Racing Classifications - National Hunt
The third classification is National Hunt where horses compete on turf over longer ranges ranging from 1 mile 6 furlongs (extremely minimal number of junior bumper races) and 4 miles 4 furlongs. Within National Hunt there are further classification types, these are Bumpers (likewise known as National Hunt Flat races) where there are no challenges and are focused on providing horses the experience of completing on a race track, Chases where the competitors should clear obstacles and fences where they need to jump difficulties. This implies for example that you can have a handicap chase or a maiden hurdle and so on. The distinction between a difficulty and a fence is rather substantial with a fence being stronger and higher. A hurdle race will just include obstacles whereas a chase can include a range of challenges consisting of water dives and ditches as well as fences.
Horse Racing Classification
Within each classification of racing there are different kinds of contests based on a horse's experience and capability. Usually races are categorised by an age group (for example 4 year olds+) and/or a main score bracket (a score provided to each horse by the handicapper based on its efficiency to date). Maiden races are for horses who have not yet won a race. Handicaps are when a horse is weighted depending on its past capability - in a perfect world, a handicap must lead to all horses crossing the goal at the same time. Nursery races are handicap races on the flat/all weather for 2 year old horses. Non handicaps are when all horses bring the exact same weight (although this figure can be changed based on charges applied as set out in the race terms - for instance the rules might state that horses will carry 9 stone however that an additional weight of 3 pounds will be applied to horses who have actually won in the last 6 weeks).